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National Capital Region
The National Capital Region is the capital of the Philippines. Metro Manila includes Calookan City, Las Piñas City, Makati City, Malabon City, Mandaluyong City, Manila City, Marikina City, Muntinlupa City, Navotas, Parañaque City, Pasay City, Pasig City, Pateros, Quezon City, San Juan, Taguig and Valenzuela City.
With its humble beginnings as a wilderness and a hilltop village, Caloocan is now the face of continuing progress. Memorial sites include the Bonifacio Monument, created by the great Filipino nationalist Guillermo Tolentino, and located at the intersection of Rizal Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The monument commemorates the Filipino hero, Andres Bonifacio and marks the first encounter between his revolutionary group called Katipunan and the Spanish soldiers on August 3, 1896.
Las Piñas City
The history of the name 'Las Piñas' is unclear, but an old church bell inside the museum of the Las Piñas Parochial Church has an inscription that says 'Siendo Cura-del Pueblo de Las Peñas el M.R.P. Padre Diego Cera se Fundio este equilon ano de 1820.' It shows that as early as 1820, the town had been called 'Las Peñas' until sometime in history when the name was changed to 'Las Piñas.' The city is famous for the Bamboo Organ that was built in 1822 and makes its home inside St. Joseph Church, where a Bamboo Organ Festival is held every February. Las Piñas was also the site of Philippine revolts during the Philippine-Spanish revolution of 1896, when it was occupied by the forces of General Emilio Aguinaldo, and during World War 2.
As a former airport, Makati City is now the biggest city in the Philippines, and is home to many local and multinational companies, and the Philippine Stock Exchange. The value of its residential and commercial land is one of the highest in the country. Shopping and nightlife places include Rockwell center and the Ayala Malls. Historical buildings include the Guadalupe Ruins. Museums include Ayala Museum and Museo ng Makati. Art Galleries include Alliance Francaise, Finale Art File, Galleria Aurora, Galleria Jupiter, Luz Gallery and Osmundo Gallery.
Malabon, specifically in Asilo de Huertanos, played an important role during Spain's colonization of the Philippines as the home of the 'La Independencia', the printed voice of the revolutionary government. It was also where orphaned children were housed during the plague of 1882. Today, Malabon is a coastal city situated in the northern part of Metro Manila. The main attraction includes the Malabon Zoo and Aquarium, which is a one-hectare conservatory of both endemic and exotic animals, and a large variety of marine life. Malabon is also known for the 'Pansit Malabon', a Filipino noodle dish with mixed seafood, vegetables, eggs and tasty sauce.
Mandaluyong is at the heart of the 'Golden Triangle' (Manila, Makati, and Quezon City), and is one of the leading business and industrial centers in the country today. The main landmark of Mandaluyong is the EDSA Shrine, a monument to the Virgin Mary, who was considered to be the protector of those who participated in the People Power Revolution of 1986, the country’s first peaceful and bloodless revolution. Today, Mandaluyong boasts top-class amenities, from deluxe hotels and commercial centers to high-rise offices and residential condominiums. Art Galleries include the Kaban ng Hiyas. Memorial sites include the Liberation Marker.
Manila City is a blend of cultures and flavors, and famous for the perfect sunset in Manila Bay. Malate and Ermita offer a wide variety of restaurants, clubs, bars, cafes, art and antique shops. Divisoria offers great shopping for bargain hunters. Historical buildings include Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines, Fort Santiago and Plaza San Luis in the 'walled city' of Intramuros, built in 1571, and the Manila Hotel. Museums include the Archdiocesan Museum of Manila, Bahay Tsinoy, National Museum of the Philippines and University of Santo Tomas Museum of Arts and Sciences. Art Galleries include the Hiraya Gallery and the Metropolitan Museum of Manila. Churches include Binondo Church, built in 1596, Malate Church, Manila Cathedral, Quapo Church, home of the Black Nazarene, San Agustin Church and Museum, built in 1605, San Sebastian Church, Sta. Ana Church and Sta. Cruz Church. Parks and gardens include Manila Zoological Gardens, Mehan Garden and Luneta. Memorial sites include the Chinese Cemetery, Mabini Shrine, Paco Park and Cemetery, Plaza Dilao, Rizal Monument and the Rizal Shrine in Intramuros. Other sites include Chinatown, Coconut Palace Complex (CPC), Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and the La Loma Cockpit.
Marikina City, also known as the 'Shoe Capital of the Philippines' for its shoe industry, has won many awards, including the 'Clean and Green' award and the 'Best Local Government Unit.' The main attraction is the Marikina River Park, which is a 220-hectare area converted into a sports and recreational park. The city is also promoting the bicycle lane, in line with its advocacy of a 'Clean and Green' city. The Marikina Sports Complex used to be the training ground of some of the best athletes the country has ever produced.
Muntinlupa is located at the southwestern part of Metropolitan Manila, bounded on the north by Taguig, on the northwest by Parañaque, on the west by Las Piñas, on the southwest by the province of Laguna, and on the east by Laguna de Bay. Shopping centers include Fil-Invest Festival Mall and the Alabang Town Center. The Asian Hospital in Muntinlupa is one of the best hospitals in the country. Muntinlupa is also home to major residential developments like the Ayala Alabang.
Navotas is a small fishing town, occupying a total land area of 2.6 square kilometers in the northwest part of Metropolitan Manila. It is a long island with a shoreline of approximately 4.5 km. fronting Manila Bay. To the north of Navotas is the town of Obando in Bulacan along the Sukol Creek. To the east of Navotas are the Binuangan river, Daang Cawayan river, the Bangculasi channel, and the Estero de Maypajo, all sharing a common boundary with Manila in the south. To the west is Manila Bay.
Parañaque is a well-planned city with clear lines between residential areas, commercial centers and industrial areas. It is an ethnically-integrated community composed of foreign nationals and people from the different regions of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, with only around 10 percent of the population are native Tagalog Paraqueños. Parañaque is also a melting pot of various cultures and diverse religions. It is also home to the Baclaran Church, known to be the most attended church in Asia. Other Christian religions and denominations, as well as Moslem communities, live in harmony here. Other notable churches include the Redemptorist Church.
Farming and fishing used to be the livelihood in Pasay until it gave way to the manufacturing industry and the construction of Roxas Boulevard. Today, Roxas Boulevard is a center for culture and art in the country, with the existence of the Cultural Center of the Philippines, which was built to symbolize the country's national cultural development, and the Folks Arts Theater, the 10,000-capacity theater used for popular performances. Historical attractions include the houses of Claro M. Recto and President Manuel L. Quezon.
Pasig City emerged as the boom city of Metro Manila during the 1990s with the rise of Ortigas Center. As an alternative to Makati, many local and foreign businesses set up their offices in Ortigas Center, and soon Pasig City had its own skyline. Ortigas Center is also the home of many shopping malls including SM Megamall, The Podium, EDSA Shangri-La, and Robinson's Galleria. Art Galleries include Contreras Sculpture, Galleria Duemila, Gallery Genesis, Pacheco Art Gallery and West Gallery.
Pateros is known for its biggest and most famous industry, 'balut' or duck eggs. The cultivation of 'balut' mostly from Aguho, has been handed down from generation to generation and accounts for about 23% of the total industry. Pateros is also popular for the manufacturing of Alfombra slippers, which was one of the earliest skills developed by the people of Pateros. Today, the Alfombra slipper business ranks fourth in the registered industrial establishments of Pateros.
Quezon City is a bustling city of commercial and residential establishments and considered the second city to develop after Manila during the 1960s. A main center of attraction is Cubao with its shopping centers and markets. Historical sites include the Balintawak Monument and the Quezon Memorial. Museums include the Iglesia Ni Cristo Museum and Gallery. Art Galleries include the Goethe Institute Art Gallery. Churches include Iglesia Ni Cristo Church, San Pedro Bautista and Sto. Domingo Church. Parks and gardens include the Himlayan Pilipino Memorial Park and the Ninoy Aquino Park and Wildlife. Other attractions include the Araneta Coliseum, the world's largest covered dome during the 1960s.
San Juan is located in the central part of Metropolitan Manila, occupying a total land area of 10.4 sq. kilometers. To its north is Quezon City and to its west is the city of Manila. To its east and south is the city of Mandaluyong. The main attraction is the Greenhills Shopping Center, a shopping mecca for bargain-hunters. Memorial sites include the Pinaglabanan Shrine.
Taguig is located in the northwestern shore of Laguna de Bay at the upper mouth of the Pasig River, also known as the Napindan Channel. It occupies a total land area of 33.7 sq. kilometers. It is considered the next Makati, with the emergence of Fort Bonifacio Global City. Museums include the Philippine Army Museum. Memorial sites include the American Cemetery and Memorial, and the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes' Cemetery).
The city of Valenzuela is situated in the northern part of the National Capital Region, and occupies a total land area of 47 square kilometers. Valenzuela City, together with Navotas, Malabon, Pateros, Taguig, and Muntinlupa, form the Metro Manila outer ring of towns. To the north and northwest are Caloocan City and Malabon, and to the west is Navotas.
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